Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in Israel, and data show that an increasing number of young people worldwide are being diagnosed with colorectal cancer, likely due to obesity and lack of physical activity. presumably as a result.
The United States has already lowered the recommended age for colonoscopies from 50 to 45, and health officials in Israel are considering a similar move. New research has identified early signs of the disease, many of which doctors don’t usually associate with cancer.
New data reveal that between 1995 and 2019, the number of cases in people under the age of 55 doubled in the United States. Israel is finding more and more cases of colorectal cancer among young people, but experts say the rate of diagnosis among young people in Israel is still not as high as in the United States.
Recently, researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis sought to examine the early symptoms of colorectal cancer in patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer at a young age. A new study published in the journal of the National Cancer Institute included a total of 5,075 people under the age of 50 who were diagnosed with colorectal cancer. The study identified four distinct symptoms that patients reported up to two years before their cancer diagnosis.
iron deficiency anemia
“Many doctors ignore these symptoms in their patients,” said one of the study’s authors, Professor Ying Kao of the University of Washington School of Public Health Sciences. “Our study provides a clear message to physicians and patients that everyone should be aware of these symptoms and that if symptoms persist for more than a week for no apparent reason, further medical evaluation is warranted.” It’s meant to send a message.”
Israeli patients have similar symptoms, often associated with benign disease. “Although the number of young people with colorectal cancer in Israel is not as high as in the United States, it is increasing, even among those under the age of 40,” said Professor Revital Karib, a gastroenterologist at Terter University. . Aviv Soulaski Medical Center said in an interview with Ynet.
“Rather than linking diarrhea to colorectal cancer, many physicians, especially when working with young patients, associate diarrhea with infections and rectal bleeding with hemorrhoids,” said Professor Karib. “However, if these symptoms persist for several weeks, with or without abdominal pain, or if your hemoglobin levels are trending downward even if they are within normal limits, you should see a gastroenterologist. Even if the waiting time is long, an expert will respond.”
Karib said GPs can consult a specialist and get initial guidance on how to investigate the condition further. “Colorectal cancer is a serious disease, and if treatment is not given in a timely manner, the condition can worsen and become life-threatening,” she said.
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer types, after breast cancer in women and lung and prostate cancer in men, and is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in most population groups in Israel. Or ranked third.
Data released by the Ministry of Health in 2022 showed an increase in the number of colorectal cancer cases among people aged 20-44. However, invasive colorectal cancer is a disease that primarily affects the elderly. The frequency of the disease increases significantly in patients over the age of 50 and even more after the age of 75. Studies suggest that the global increase in colorectal cancer cases among young people is likely related to obesity and lack of physical activity.
In Israel, approximately 3,200 men and women are diagnosed with colorectal cancer each year (approximately 260 per month), and approximately 1,300 people die from colorectal cancer each year. Worldwide, by 2040, 3.2 million new cases of colorectal cancer are projected to occur annually.
Colonoscopy: an early diagnosis that saves lives
Most patients do not experience symptoms in the early stages of colorectal cancer. A significant number of cases are diagnosed after fecal occult blood testing with HMO. In some cases, you may need to see a doctor for symptoms such as: Bloody stools, changes in bowel habits lasting several weeks (especially if over age 50) (prolonged diarrhea, constipation, or alternating diarrhea and constipation), abdominal pain in the lower abdomen lasting several weeks, unexplained weakness or anemia, causes Unknown weight loss.
As part of an early diagnosis protocol, HMO will perform a fecal occult blood test for all patients over the age of 50. If the test shows a positive result, indicates the presence of occult blood in the stool, or is suspected based on persistent symptoms, anemia, if you have any of the above symptoms A blood test is done to detect , you may be referred to a gastroenterologist and decide to have a colonoscopy. If colorectal cancer is diagnosed, additional tests, such as a CT scan, are done to determine the stage of the disease. If there is a family history of colorectal cancer, the patient is referred for an early screening test by a gastroenterologist.
Most people with colorectal cancer have surgery to remove the part of the colon that contains the cancer growth, and most people recover completely. For rectal cancer, radiation therapy is given first to shrink the tumor and, if necessary, surgery.
#young #people #colon #cancer #signs #worry