summary: Young children tend to trust the observations of others more than their own.
Researchers who studied 8- and 12-month-old infants found that younger infants prioritized the attention of animated characters over their own when tracking the location of objects. By 12 months, however, children showed signs of shifting to trusting their own observations more.
This ‘other-centered bias’ may facilitate learning during periods when young children’s ability to interact with their environment is limited.
- Younger infants (8 months old) exhibited an ‘other-centered bias’, prioritizing the attention of animated characters over their own observations when tracking the position of objects.
- By 12 months of age, infants show signs of shifting toward trusting their own observations, indicating a reversal of precentrality bias.
- The researchers suggest that this bias in infancy may help facilitate learning when infants have limited ability to physically interact with their environment.
sauce: University of Copenhagen
Children are often perceived as self-centered, and for good reason. For example, it is well documented that 3-year-olds only use their own perspective when predicting the actions of others.
Adults also find it difficult to ignore their own opinions when empathizing with others. Our self-centered tendencies continue throughout life.
But when it comes to toddlers, it’s a different story. This is shown in a new research project from the University of Copenhagen, where researchers studied the ability of 8- and 12-month-old infants to remember the location of moving objects.
The purpose of this project was to test the theory that there is a so-called allocentric bias in early infancy.
Toddlers trust the observations of others more than their own. The study, entitled “Early but Regressing Allocentricity Bias in Preverbal Infant Memory,” was published in the journal. Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
following other people’s attention
First, the researchers investigated whether eight-month-old infants could remember the location of an object when it was moved from one hiding place to another. To do this, the researchers used an animation showing a conveyor belt or hand moving the ball behind one screen and then another.
“Then, when we reveal that either spot is empty, the kids will look longer where the ball should be. It shows that you have,” said Verisar Manea, a postdoc in the Department of Psychology who led the research project.
To investigate how the attention of others affects infant memory, the researchers next conducted an experiment in which an animated human character also followed the movement of the ball.
“While the ball is being carried to the first place, the animated character looks at the ball. ,” Manair explains.
“As expected, babies expected to see the ball in the first place even though they saw it move to the second place. I made it a priority to focus my attention on the
The research team conducted a controlled experiment in which an animated agent tracked the ball’s position from beginning to end.
“Surprisingly, infants viewed both sites in the same way revealed by this experiment. probably expected the ball at both venues,” Manair said.
But when do children start to trust their own observations? The researchers investigated this question in a similar experiment with 12-month-old children.
“Unlike eight-month-olds, 12-month-olds were able to recall the final position of the ball in the experiment, and the agent confirmed the final position,” Manair said.
In contrast, if the agent only saw the ball at the first hiding place, but the baby saw the movement to the last place alone, the baby saw both places identically.
“This suggests that 12-month-olds are in transition, where some infants are less affected by the perspective of others, while others are still strongly affected,” says Maner. says Mr.
So why is an infant’s memory initially constructed to depend on the observations of those around him and then become more independent?
“We hypothesize that allocentric biases facilitate learning in children during specific periods of life when motor immaturity limits the infant’s interaction with the environment,” Manair suggests.
About this neurodevelopmental research news
author: Verisar Manea
sauce: University of Copenhagen
contact: Verisal Manea – University of Copenhagen
image: Image credited to Neuroscience News
Original research: open access.
“Early but Regressing Precentrality Bias in Preverbal Infant Memory” by Velisar Manea et al. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Early but Regressing Precentrality Bias in Preverbal Infant Memory
Young learners seem to face the difficult task of choosing what to attend, a problem that may have been exacerbated in human infants by changes in carrying habits over the course of human evolution. There is
A new theory proposes that there is an allocentric bias in human infant cognition, whereby infants prefer to encode events that are of interest to others early in life. I’m here.
We tested this bias by asking whether co-witnessed positions were better remembered when the infant and the observing agent had conflicting viewpoints regarding the position of the object. We found that the 8-month-old expected the object to be where the agent saw it, but the 12-month-old did not.
These findings suggest that infants may prefer to code events in which others participate in the first year of life, even though it may cause memory errors. However, the disappearance of this bias by her 12 months suggests that alternativecentrism is a very early cognitive feature.
We propose that this facilitates learning at a unique stage in life history when an infant’s engagement with the environment is restricted by motor immaturity. At this stage, observing others may help you get the most out of the information selection process.
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